June 3-7, 2019 | Sedona, Arizona
Hilton Sedona Resort at Bell Rock
Professor of Sustainability and Director of the Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment
Arizona State University
Marco Janssen is a professor in the School of Sustainability at Arizona State University, USA. He is also the director of the Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment at the same university, and the president of the International Association for the Study of the Commons. His main research interests are in the study of conditions for effective self-governance of shared resources using field case study analysis, field and lab experiments and mathematical modeling. His recent research projects include water management in Mexico City; small-scale irrigation communities in India, Thailand, Nepal, China and Colombia; lake governance in Wisconsin; and collaboration with artists to study collective action in extreme resource-scarce conditions.
Conditions for Self-Governance of the Commons
Commons dilemmas have been a source of controversy for decades. The essay of Garrett Hardin on the Tragedy of the Commons implicated the need for external interventions by privatization or governmental regulations to avoid overexploitation. However, Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues have provided a broader theoretical framework that can explain the many observations of successful self-governance of shared resources. Experimental research demonstrated the importance of cheap talk and altruistic punishment as mechanisms of self-governance. In this talk, insights from recent lab and field experiments are discussed to derive a better understanding of the conditions for successful governance, especially the role of procedural justice, as well as use of games as intervention tools to stimulate self-governance.
Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Director of the Social Insect Laboratory
The University of Arizona
Organization in groups—how collective behaviors emerge from the actions and interactions of individuals—is the main interest of Anna Dornhaus. As model systems, she studies social insect colonies (bumble bees, honey bees and ants) in the laboratory and in the field, as well as using mathematical and individual-based modeling approaches. She investigates mechanisms of coordination in foraging, collective decision-making, task allocation and division of labor. Her recent work has included the role of communication in the allocation of foragers to food sources; the evolution of different recruitment systems in different species of bees, and how ecology shapes these recruitment systems; house-hunting strategies in ants; speed-accuracy tradeoffs in decision-making; and whether different group sizes necessitate different organizational strategies.
Special Memorial Session
Celebrating the Life and Work of Toshio Yamagishi
Organizers: Paul A.M. van Lange and Nobuyuki Takahashi
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